Operations performed to limit heat losses or heat gains in installations and buildings are called ”Thermal Insulation”. Heat is a type of energy that changes from a high-temperature environment to a low-temperature environment. Because of this, energy gains occur in buildings in summer and energy losses occur in winter.
Remember that Thermal Insulation Is Very Important…
All events in nature occur in the direction that the nature of energy will decrease. For example, a good example of this is when a hot tea cools down over time or, conversely, a cold drink that heats up over time, which is the opposite situation.
In winter, the air temperature is usually below 20°C, and in summer, the air temperature is above 20°C. In order for the desired temperature environment to be adjusted in buildings, the decreasing temperature in winter should be met by means of a heating system, and the increasing temperature in summer should be removed from the inside by a cooling system. Energy is spent on both heating and cooling. Limiting heat losses and gains in any building or installation, that is, thermal insulation; it means reducing the amount of energy that needs to be consumed for both heating and cooling purposes.
the expected performance of heating and cooling systems to operate with; the amount of heat gains and losses, considering the fluid that is used in the thermal insulation must be used hot or cold more than it should be. This causes an extra energy consumption. Technically, thermal insulation is applied to reduce the heat dec between two environments of different temperatures.
HOW TO MAKE THERMAL INSULATION?
Thermal insulation is applied to the roofs, exterior walls of buildings or installations, or to the walls, installation pipes and ventilation ducts facing unused parts such as garages and warehouses. By using insulated joineries and special coated insulating glass units, the heat losses that leak through the windows are reduced in winter and the entry of solar heat into the building is limited in summer. In this way, energy spent on both heating and cooling is saved.
BENEFITS OF THERMAL INSULATION
In structures, thermal insulation performed in accordance with the rules has many benefits for people and countries. With thermal insulation, the life of the building is extended, as well as a comfortable and healthy environment is provided to the user. Of course, the most important benefit is that it provides great savings in heating and cooling expenses. On the other hand, global warming and air pollution also decrease with the decrease in the amount of energy used to create a comfortable environmental condition with thermal insulation applications.